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Liver diseases / hepatic disease is a type of damage to the liver. There are more than a 100 different kinds of liver diseases.
Symptoms may include jaundice and weight loss.
Some of the most common liver diseases are:

1. Fascioliasis
2. Hepatitis
3. Alcoholic liver diseases
4. Fatty liver diseases
5. Hereditary diseases
6. Cirrhosis
7. Primary liver cancer
8. Budd-Chiari syndrome

Liver disease can occure through several mechanism.

It is usually believed that liver disease is mainly caused through alcohol consumption but it is not specific to alcohol drinkers. There are many causes of liver disease. Non-alcohol fatty liver disease is not associated with excessive / prolonged alcohol consumption and is the most common liver disorder.

Certain groups of people are recognised as a having an increased risk of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, especially those with high levels of cholesterol and triglycerides in their blood.
Non Alcoholic fatty liver

It’s not just excessive alcohol – there are many other reasons which cause fat build-up in the liver leading to non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Non-alcoholic steatohepatitisis the most extreme form. Non Alcoholic fatty liver disease is the most common liver disorder in developed countries.

It is usually related to :
1.Insulin resistance and
2.Metabolic syndrome
Up to 80% ofobesepeople have the disease.Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is regarded as a major cause ofcirrhosisof the liver of unknown cause. Most people have a good outcome if the condition is caught in its early stages.

Most people with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease have few or no symptoms. Patients may complain of :
1. Fatigue
2. Malaise
3. Dull right upper quadrant abdominal discomfort
4. Mild jaundice (rare)

Causes of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease includes :
1.Soft drinks
2.Genetics
3.Drugs
For treatment of this one should consult a specialized hepatologist.

Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B is an infectioncaused by a virus . Most people who get it get better in short time. This is called acute hepatitis B.
Sometimes the virus can cause infection for longer duration known as chronic hepatitis B and it can even damage yourliver. Infants and young children are more prone to chronic hepatitis B infection .
It’s caused by thehepatitisB virus. It is spread through contact with thebloodand body fluids of an infected person.

Symptoms include:

1. Fatigue
2. Mild fever
3. Headache
4. Reduced appetite
5. Nausea
6. Abdominal pain
7. Dark urine
8. Jaundice

Usually acute hepatitis B goes away on its own. It can he be even treated at home by resting, eating healthy foods, drinking plenty of water, and avoiding alcohol and drugs and your general physician can help.

But for chronic hepatitis B one should visit to a trained hepatologist because sometimes chronic hepatitis B leads to severe liver damage and one can need a liver transplant.
Liver diseases as prevailing day by day and many a times the cause is lifestyle. One should take care of lifestyle because liver disease can prove fatal too. One should always consult a specialized hepatologist for liver diseases to get it well treated.

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