Tie-dyeing,method used by hand-loom weavers of historical instances, have become popular in the course of the craft revival of the Nineteen Sixties. The material to be coloured is tied or knotted at durations before being positioned in the dye; the knotted areas continue to be untouched by the dye and create random patterns often ensuing in a sunburst effect. Also called Bandhej, Tie & Dye is one of the maximum widely common and traditional technique of fabric printing in India as well. Most of the Bandhani produced in India is made in Kutch, Saurastra and in different neighboring districts. Perhaps, the most critical traditional handiwork of Kutchi human beings, ‘Bandhanis’ are very closely related to deep rooted social customs. Discovery of dyed cotton fabric courting back to the Indus valley civilization indicates that the art of dyeing the use of penetrating was well known to the dyers approximately 5000 years ago.
Though easy, tie & die is quite time eating and tedious technique. A unmarried piece of fabric, with complex bandhej layout, takes more than a week to put together. In this method, every segment is cautiously dipped in paint and tied once more to deliver yet another assessment in coloration. Usually the ladies are assigned to the nice craft of tying while the men put together the dye.
The fabric to be used is folded more than a few instances until decreased to a rectangular or square piece. It is spread on wooden desk and preferred designs are marked on it with a timber block using ‘Gheru’ or Red oxide blended with water. Then, it is taken off the table given to a Bandhani crafts person, who purposely allows the thumb and the finger nail to develop long in an effort to use them as a pair of tongs for attempting the marked portions into tiny knots. The decorative designs indicated with the aid of the block are sized and elegantly tied with thread as a result preserving the authentic color of the cloth in that element. Then, it’s far dyed in a light colour. The vicinity requiring the light coloration is once more tied and later dyed in pink or every other required darkish coloration. Thus, the different colorings required are introduced into the substances. After the system of tying and dyeing, the material is washed with smooth water to eliminate the shade impurities. Then, to do away with the colour knots, the system of hitching is carried out. Two ends of the fabric fabric are stuck through two individuals. It is a bit hitched within the outdoor or in the sunlight so that the knots are robotically eliminated and the tied components are loose. The colorations that are traditionally used within the system are colourful with yellow, black, crimson and inexperienced being the foremost ones. This approach is used on lighter sun shades of browns, turquoise, blue and purple giving a stunning impact